The real conflict in the Middle East is whether this will be a region where human life and peace are valued for their own sakes or one where people are taught to hate and murder under the guise of religion and nation. Until peace and human life are widely valued, formal peace agreements are unlikely to be implemented and even less likely to be maintained. But when love of peace and life are the norm, even deep-seated disagreements are unlikely to receive violent expression.
Many regional actors, including Hamas, Al-Qaeda, ISIS, Iran and Hezbollah, understand the nature of the conflict and are working hard to win. Israel, sadly, has yet to even show up for the battle.